Project: Sustainable groundwater RESources managEment by integrating eaRth observation deriVed monitoring and flOw modelIng Results

Project Topic In Mediterranean areas groundwater resources are taking a more prominent role in providing fresh water supplies in the framework of climatic global changes. Hence, the compound challenges that water planners have to face with require a new generation of more efficient aquifer management plans. These plans have to address the broad impacts on aquifer storage of the global changes and over-exploitation with storage loss and contamination due respectively to land subsidence and salinization. Target zones are farmlands, groundwater-dependent ecosystems, and touristic sites. Analysing the responses of the groundwater systems to natural and anthropogenic (e.g. irrigation pumps, wells to provide water for tourism or industry purpose) pressures will result a key issue in water management. The aim of the RESERVOIR project is to improve sustainable groundwater management for water-stressed Mediterranean areas in order to safeguard the available resource. This will be carried out by developing a multidisciplinary approach based on the integration of Earth Observation (e.g. SAR-based techniques), hydrogeological, geological and socio-economic data with numerical groundwater flow and geomechanical models. The methodology will be tested on four representative sites located in the Mediterranean arc, where aquifers are vulnerable to drought, experienced important dry periods, and are highly exploited for agriculture and tourisms needs. This will allow to: - Generate a groundwater storage change and associated surface deformation monitoring network based on EO data, - Use the information from monitoring to improve the definition of heterogeneities in the aquifer via innovative techniques of inverse modeling, - Study topographic elevation changes along coastlines that may stimulate seawater intrusion in coastal aquifers, land loss and the likelihood of flooding; - Use global climate change trends to forecast and manage future climatic scenarios and their potential effects on groundwater resources, - Develop groundwater management plan for local stakeholders that account for several coupled processes in the subsurface which may affect sustainable management of limited groundwater resources
Network PRIMA
Call Section 1 Call 2019 - Management of Water

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
1 University of Pavia, UNIPV; Coordinator Italy
2 Università di Padova, UNIPD Partner Italy
3 Consorzio di Bonifica di secondo grado per il Canale Emiliano Romagnolo, CER Partner Italy
4 University of Jordan, UJ Partner Jordan
5 Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature- Azraq Wetland Reserve, RSCN - AWR Partner Jordan
6 Universidad de Alicante, UA Partner Spain
7 Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, IGME Partner Spain
8 Dokuz Eylul University, DEU ; Partner Turkey