Institutionalised European Partnerships

These partnerships require the preparation and adoption of a Commission proposal (incl. ex-ante impact assessment). They are implemented by dedicated structures created for that purpose.

The research and innovation programmes are undertaken

  • by several Member States, based on a Decision by the Council and European Parliament in accordance with Article 185 TFEU, or
  • by bodies established through a Decision of the Council pursuant to Article 187 TFEU, such as Joint Undertakings, or
  • by EIT Knowledge and Innovation Communities, most commonly higher educations institutions, research organisation, companies and other stakeholders, in compliance with the EIT Regulation and the EIT Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIA).

Institutionalised partnerships are to be implemented only in the cases where other forms of European Partnerships are not considered appropriate to achieve the objectives or generate the expected impacts, require the participation of at least 40% of the EU Member States, and if justified by a long-term perspective and high degree of integration. They usually cover very specific value chains, where a significant integration of private and public R&I efforts are needed to achieve the results of ambitious SRIAs.