Project: Physiological and molecular effects of inflammation episode on the severity of Shank3-based ASD phenotype on mouse and hPSC model.

Acronym InflASD (Reference Number: NEURON_NDD-238)
Project Topic Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1% in the childhood population. ASD is characterized by impairments of social interaction and communication accompanied by a pattern of repetitive and restrictive behavior, typically diagnosed in the first 3 years of life. Interestingly, the severity of phenotype even for similar mutations is highly variable and clinically it has been widely reported that fever or other inflammatory insults precipitates in certain subjects ASD-related symptoms. These data suggest that the heterogeneity in the phenotypes could be the consequence of the interplay between genetic and environmental factors (double-hits). Here, InflASD, will question the effect of inflammation on physiological and synaptic phenotypes observed in Shank3 models of ASD. Experiments will be performed on human pluripotent cells derived into both neurons and microglia, and on mouse models to transfer human findings into a system allowing behavioral studies. The consortium combines specialists in inflammation, human stem cell, and brain and synaptic physiology. The goal of inflASD is to understand the effect of inflammation on the severity of Shank3-induced phenotypes and to explore possible therapeutic intervention to rescue Shank3-induced phenotypes.
Network NEURON Cofund2
Call Neuron Cofund2 Joint Call 2021

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
1 University of Geneva Coordinator Switzerland
2 Universitaetsklinikum Bonn Partner Germany
3 Humanitas Clinical and Research Centre Partner Italy
4 Université Bordeaux Partner France