Project: Molecular and circuits bases of epileptogenic mosaic cortical malformations

Acronym MOSAIC (Reference Number: NEURON_NDD-094)
Project Topic The human brain is a genetic mosaic resulting from frequent somatic mutations during development. Somatic mosaicism cause Focal Cortical Dysplasias (FCD), a brain malformation manifesting with childhood drug-resistant epilepsy. FCD is characterized by cortical disorganization as the result of abnormal migration and differentiation of neurons. Here, we aim at understanding the molecular and circuit bases of FCD by combining in vitro and in vivo approaches in mouse and human. Although mutations in mTOR pathway genes are an important cause of FCD, etiology often remains unidentified. In Aim 1, using an in vivo genome-wide screen, we will identify genes and enhancers involved in neuronal mismigration in the mouse neocortex, giving special attention to mTOR signaling pathway components. In Aim 2, using in vivo c-Fos mapping of circuit activity, live EEG-video monitoring in mice, and single-cell transcriptional analyses, we will functionally interrogate Aim 1 candidates and identify those causing abnormal circuit activity and seizures. In Aim 3, we will take advantage of our human FCD specimen biobank to identify mosaic somatic mutations in the non-coding regions and genes of Aim1. We will use human iPSCs-derived cortical organoids to identify the developmental mechanisms at play in FCD and provide proof-of-principle functional rescue. Hence, ultimately, this proposal will pinpoint druggable targets toward a precision medicine approach.
Network NEURON Cofund2
Call Neuron Cofund2 Joint Call 2021

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
1 Paris Brain Institute - Institut du Cerveau - ICM Coordinator France
2 University of Geneva Partner Switzerland
3 Helmholtz Zentrum München Partner Germany