Project: Trilateral initiative for enhancing salt tolerance in rice

Soil salinity accounts for large yield losses in crops worldwide. Understanding how plants cope with high salinity in the environment is thus an issue of great agricultural importance. The proposed project exploits the full potential of the rice genome information to identify and characterize major determinants of salt tolerance in rice by i) surveying and functionally characterizing natural or induced allelic variation in genes involved in salt tolerance, and by ii) analysing particular components, signalling pathways and network integration in the plant response to salt stress. To discover new salt determinants, forward and reverse genetic technologies, and expression profiling in mutant rice collections will be used. The natural allelic variation of salt-associated genes will be approached by using EcoTILLING and comparative whole genome hybridization (CGH). The project also aims at the functional characterization of selected gene families involved in signal transduction, transcriptional control and ion homeostasis. For this, knockout and overexpressor rice lines will be generated and used for global expression analyses. The functional characterization of salt-associated genes (natural variant and mutagenized alleles) in heterologous systems (yeast, Xenopus) will be also approached. The project integrates genomic approaches with rice physiology and agronomical behaviour (electrophysiology, water content and osmotic adjustment, metabolite profiling in vegetative and grain tissues, growth and productivity under saline conditions in containment greenhouse conditions). The project also develops technologies and tools based on oligo-DNA microarrays (CGH), HTP gene validation and metabolite profiling. The knowledge generated in this project is required to integrate post-genomic research into suitable breeding programmes for the development of new salt-tolerant rice cultivars. Progresses in understanding tolerance to salinity in rice plants will benefit other cereal research programs

Acronym TRIESTER
Duration 01/05/2007 - 01/05/2010
Website visit project website
Network ERA-PG
Call Structuring Plant Genomic Research in Europe - ERA-PG First Call for Proposals (2006)

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
Technical University of Madrid Spain
Spanish National Research Council Coordinator Spain
Spanish National Research Council - Institute for Natural Resources and Agrobiology Spain
Metanomics GmbH Germany
Oryzon Genomics S.A. Spain
Agricultural Research for Development France
French National Institute for Agricultural Research France
Max Planck Society - Max Planck Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology Germany
Valencian Institute for Agricultural Research Spain