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For all terms used in the context of the European Research & Innovation please refer to the official website of the European Commission:

Specific terms used beside the above mentioned ones are specified below:

Article 185 EC-Treaty (Lisbon)

Article 185 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) [ex Article 169 of the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC)] enables the EU to participate in research programmes undertaken jointly by several Member States, including participation in the structures created for the execution of national programmes. (Source

Common Pot

Funding mode of a transnational call. Find more details here


The ERA-NET instrument under Horizon 2020 is designed to support public-public partnerships in their preparation, establishment of networking structures, design, implementation and coordination of joint activities as well as topping up of single joint calls and of actions of a transnational nature.

The ERA-NET scheme was launched in 2002 under the 6th Framework Programme (FP6) to support the coordination and collaboration of national research programmes. Under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7), the ERA-NET scheme was reinforced by introducing an additional new module, ERA-NET Plus, which allows the topping-up of joint trans-national funding for calls with European Union funding. ERA-NETs under Horizon 2020 follow the principle of simplification and build on the reliable collaboration with MS and their research funders established over the past ten years. They merge the former ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus and have the central and compulsory element of implementing one substantial call with top-up funding from the European Union. The focus is shifting from the funding of networks to the top-up funding of individual joint calls in selected sub-challenges with high European added value and relevance for Horizon 2020 (policy-driven approach). (Source: J. Niehoff 2014: The ERA-NET scheme from FP6 to Horizon 2020)

European Research Area (ERA)

European Technology Platforms

European Technology Platforms (ETPs) are industry-led stakeholder fora recognised by the European Commission as key actors in driving innovation, knowledge transfer and European competitiveness. ETPs develop research and innovation agendas and roadmaps for action at EU and national level to be supported by both private and public funding. They mobilise stakeholders to deliver on agreed priorities and share information across the EU (Source

Joint call/Transnational Call

Coordinated awarding of funds by programme management agencies from different countries on the basis of a public call for the submission of project proposals.

Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs)

Joint Programming is a structured and strategic process whereby Member States agree, on a voluntary basis and in a partnership approach, on common visions and Strategic Research Agendas (SRA) to address major societal challenges. On a variable geometry basis, Member States commit to Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) where they implement together joint Strategic Research Agendas. 10 Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) have been launched to date.


Joint Technology Initiatives

Large-scale instrument to implement European Technology Platforms.

Juste Retour

Principle that the funding granted to project participants from a given country/region under a joint call is in proportion to the budget contributed to the joint call by that country/region.

Real Common Pot

Funding mode of a transnational call. Find more details here

Variable Geometry

Voluntary and flexible cooperation of different network members (e.g. countries/regions) in an undertaking to achieve common goals, e.g. to implement a transnational call.

Virtual Common Pot

Funding mode of a transnational call. Find more details here