Project: Effet du changement climatique sur les stratégies d’amélioration de l’utilisation en eau des bassin versants et des systèmes agrosylvopastoraux Méditerranéens

Acronym SWATCH (Reference Number: 2018-SECTION2-23)
Project Topic The overarching goal of this research project is to develop and apply innovative methodologies to increase the social-ecological water use efficiency of managed ecosystems along the Mediterranean biome and climate types. We will focus on a diverse set of seasonally dry ecosystems, spanning a large gradient of mean annual rainfall (from 35 to 935 mm/y) across the Mediterranean biome. Case studies will examine the Mediterranean Sea basin from west to east and north to south providing the exceptional opportunity to develop, identify and compare water resources management and planning strategies for contrasting climate conditions in the Mediterranean region. We will define innovative strategies for the water sustainability in the Mediterranean region under current and future climate change scenarios, optimizing water infrastructure (e.g., reservoirs, wells network design) and water uses (irrigation, animal production systems, drinking and industrial activities). Strategies will be defined with stakeholders and government authorities, which will be actively involved in the project. To improve predictive technical tools for water resources assessment, we propose to develop innovative methodologies and techniques to better estimate evapotranspiration, the main parameter of the water budget in semi-arid and arid climates. To do so we propose to combine the use of eddy covariance and tree sapflow observations. In addition, advanced technical tools (remote sensing observations) will be developed to monitor the main state variables explaining energy and water balance at the land surface, and to include those observations in data assimilation systems to predict watershed hydrological cycles. The analysis of climate and land use scenarios will provide the inputs for the water resources management and planning to optimally use both surface water and groundwater. Ultimately, we will establish a transnational Mediterranean river monitoring system for sharing knowledge and data.
Project Results
(after finalisation)
In progress
Network PRIMA
Call Section 2 Call 2018 - Multi-topic

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria civile, ambientale ed architettura, Università di Cagliari Coordinator Italy
2 Ente Acque della Sardegna Partner Italy
3 Agenzia forestale regionale per lo sviluppo del territorio e dell'ambiente della Sardegna Partner Italy
4 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Hydraulique Partner Algeria
5 Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute Partner Cyprus
6 Irrigation and Hydraulics Dept., Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University Partner Egypt
7 Research Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València Partner Spain
9 INRA Bordeaux Sciences Agro UMR 1391 Partner France
10 Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar Partner Tunisia