Project: Impact of Prescription Quality, Infection Control and Antimicrobial Stewardship on Gut Microbiota Domination by Healthcare-Associated Pathogens

Acronym PILGRIM (Reference Number: JPIAMR_2017_P009)
Duration 01/04/2018 - 31/03/2021
Project Topic Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (EPE), and Clostridium difficile have become an immediate threat to hospitalized patients worldwide. Although surveillance and control programmes are in place in many countries to mitigate transmission of these drug-resistant organisms in the healthcare setting, the impact of the VRE/EPE/C. difficile epidemic on individual patients entering the healthcare system is poorly understood. There is a scarcity of trials defining the impact of the VRE/EPE/C. difficile epidemic on individual patients newly entering the healthcare-system. It is unknown to what degree infection control (IC) and antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions can disrupt the presumed chain of events (acquisition, colonization, antibiotic selective pressure, and intestinal domination) leading to infections with these microorganisms. Herein, we describe a comprehensive, multinational, multi-centre clinical study programme to elucidate the impact of the VRE/EPE/C. difficile epidemic on patients at high risk of healthcare-associated infections, during which we will observe the clinical and pathophysiological events leading to infection, analyse the preventative potential of IC and AMS, establish the preventable burden of these microorganisms, and better understand when and why AMS/IC measures are not always effective. Centrepieces of the study will be rating of adequateness of antibiotic treatments by an international AMS-board and in-depth analysis of intestinal microbiota before and after antibiotic exposure. We hypothesize that receiving inadequate treatment places patients at high risk of intestinal domination and thus infection by these microorganisms. Further analyses will address costeffectiveness of specific interventions, behavioural analyses of the decision process leading to inadequate antibiotic treatment, and the rate of undetected previous colonization by EPE/VRE/C. difficile falsely attributed as hospital-acquired when conventional screening methods are used.
Website visit project website
Network JPI AMR
Call 5th Joint Call of JPIAMR

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
1 University Hospital of Cologne Coordinator Germany
2 Rabin Medical Center Partner Israel
3 University of Latvia Partner Latvia
4 University Hospital of North Norway and Arctic University of Norway Partner Norway
5 Karolinska Institutet Partner Sweden
6 McGill University Health Centre Partner Canada