Project: Antimicrobial Nano-Functionalization of Peptide-enriched Silk Fibroin matrices to prevent bone infections and to enhance implant osseointegration in orthopaedics and dentistry

Acronym ANNAFIB (Reference Number: JTC2018-058)
Duration 01/06/2019 - 31/12/2022
Project Topic Implant-related infections represent a big burden both in orthopaedics and dental implantology. Bacterial biofilm formation is one of the leading causes of these infections leading to severe consequences, such as implant loosening. Current antibiotic prophylaxis/therapy is inadequate to prevent the biofilm formation. In this context, the development of novel biomimetic antibiotic-enriched matrices has an invaluable potential to achieve both the local delivery of antimicrobial agents and the osseointegration of implanted devices. The aim of this project is to inhibit the biofilm formation and to restore the damaged bone and periodontal tissues in the case of implant-related infections. To do this, the project will investigate in vitro and in vivo the function and efficacy of antimicrobial nano-functionalized peptide-enriched silk fibroin matrices (ANF-PSF) fabricated and used both as drug delivery and regenerative materials. Specifically, peptide-enriched silk fibroin matrices will be nano-functionalized with antibiotics and assessed for drug encapsulation efficiency and release to be tested in animal models of infected fractures, periodontitis and implant-related infections. The local delivery of antibiotics with a controlled release and the modification of implant devices with osteoinductive properties represent an innovative and synergistic approach to simultaneously promote bone-implant integration before bacterial adhesion, thus preventing biofilm formation and its severe complications. In particular, ANF-PSF could be employed as membranes in infected fractures or periodontitis, or loaded within porous metal devices for joint prostheses and dental implants. At the end of the investigations, this project will validate and set a novel therapeutic strategy to prevent or treat both bone and periodontal infections. The results of this project will exploited and disseminated through targeted activities, i.e. events for investors, scientific community and patients.
Website visit project website
Network EuroNanoMed III
Call Joint Transnational Call (2018)

Project partner

Number Name Role Country
1 IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi Coordinator Italy
2 Silk Biomaterials srl Partner Italy
3 National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos” Partner Greece
4 Cantacuzino Institute Partner Romania
5 Tel Aviv University Partner Israel