Trans-regional level includes all the approaches and experiences undertaken at European level having a “regional component”. The latter is intended as an area characterized by proximity or homogeneous geographic, territorial and climatic elements, common economic, cultural and social challenges/needs and common objectives and strategies especially in a long term perspective.
A key aspect is the need to approach development challenges and potentials in a wider geographical context, as in the abovementioned cases appropriate responses require joint approaches across national boundaries.
In our approach, trans-regional level has a broad meaning, taking into consideration:
1 Initiatives developed in areas in which the common challenges/opportunities deriving from geographic characterization are the motivation/driver for collaborating, including P2Ps actions, Art. 185 and further specific regional initiatives;
2 Initiatives and programmes developed in specific areas in which the geographic identity is the “pre-requisite” for collaborating and developing joint programmes, including the European regional and cohesion policy and in this context the territorial cooperation (cross-border, transnational and inter-regional, including in particular the Macro-regional strategies);
3 Further initiatives focusing on intensive use of ESIF and smart specialization and synergies with Horizon 2020;
4 Initiative developed in the context of non-regional P2Ps problem-based initiatives, stimulating additional pathways focused on regional characterization.
The concept of “region” used in the analysis goes beyond the “political-administrative” connotation, to embrace the areas (with different actors to be involved, such as regions, provinces, municipalities, public and private entities) pushed by common challenges and opportunities to cooperate and elaborate joint strategies across national/regional borders.
Last update: March 2016