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Trans-regional perspective

Trans-regional level includes all the approaches and experiences undertaken at European level having a “regional component”. The latter is intended as an area characterized by proximity or homogeneous geographic, territorial and climatic elements, common economic, cultural and social challenges/needs and common objectives and strategies especially in a long term perspective.

A key aspect is the need to approach development challenges and potentials in a wider geographical context, as in the abovementioned cases appropriate responses require joint approaches across national boundaries.

In our approach, trans-regional level has a broad meaning, taking into consideration:

1     Initiatives developed in areas in which the common challenges/opportunities deriving from geographic characterization are the motivation/driver for collaborating, including P2Ps actions, Art. 185 and further specific regional initiatives;

2     Initiatives and programmes developed in specific areas in which the geographic identity is the “pre-requisite” for collaborating and developing joint programmes, including the European regional and cohesion policy and in this context the territorial cooperation (cross-border, transnational and inter-regional, including in particular the Macro-regional strategies);

3     Further initiatives focusing on intensive use of ESIF and smart specialization and synergies with Horizon 2020;

4     Initiative developed in the context of non-regional P2Ps problem-based initiatives, stimulating additional pathways focused on regional characterization.

The concept of “region” used in the analysis goes beyond the “political-administrative” connotation, to embrace the areas (with different actors to be involved, such as regions, provinces, municipalities, public and private entities) pushed by common challenges and opportunities to cooperate and elaborate joint strategies across national/regional borders.

A set of case studies are selected among existing P2P networks, research alliances and JPIs. These consist in a mix of actions and instruments undertaken at different stages in the research programming cycle and relying on different cooperation modes and actors, hence representing different facets of alignment. The analysis relies on a review of existing literature and targeted interviews with managers and beneficiaries/participants of these alignment modalities.

The case studies focus on:

  • Key features of the case at hand (mission, governance, approximate time and resources needed for set up and implementation)
  • Principal outputs to date
  • Overall strengths, incl. key achievements
  • Overall limitations, incl. difficulties encountered during implementation
  • Suitability and key factors of success

In synthesizing the results of the selected case studies, a comparative analysis will be conducted in view of developing a roadmap/ toolbox for further aligning different P2Ps.

Case study no. 1 - NordForsk  (download pdf)

NordForsk is an organisation developed at regional level among the Nordic Countries - Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and three autonomous areas, Faroe Islands, Greenland and the Åland Islands.

Established under the Nordic Council of Ministers – inter-governmental body for cooperation in the Nordic Region – NordForsk provides funding for and facilitates Nordic cooperation on research and research infrastructures through the financing and administration of research programmes. Its mandate is in particular to facilitate, to identify and respond to, common strategic priorities for Nordic research cooperation, and thereby create Nordic added value. The peculiarity of this regional initiative relies on the extended use of the “real common pot funding mechanism” in all its programmes and initiatives.

Case study no. 2 – Bonus (download pdf)

The joint Baltic Sea research and development programme (BONUS), which was launched under the Article 185 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union as a strategic, multi-annual joint research undertaking of eight Baltic Member States.

The Programme has created  a macroregional collaboration of research and innovation funding institutions that supports sustainable development of the Baltic Sea ecosystem services. Its purpose is to overcome research fragmentation and duplication by integrating national programmes into a single centrally managed programme.

Last update: May 2017