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Novel alignment modalities

In our context, novelty refers to approaches, modalities and instruments that are new to the overall community according to one of the following criteria:

  • The approach/modality/instrument has only recently been implemented by single networks, research alliances, JPI etc. and is not a common procedure across the majority of P2P initiative;
  • The approach/modality/instrument covers topics (e.g. open access, project selection criteria, stakeholder engagement) that have not yet been strongly emphasized by the majority of JPIs;
  • The approach/modality/instrument has not yet been utilized by the JPI community at all, but could be of potential interest for the JPI community.
A set of case studies are selected among existing P2P networks, research alliances and JPIs. These consist in a mix of actions and instruments undertaken at different stages in the research programming cycle and relying on different cooperation modes and actors, hence representing different facets of alignment. The analysis relies on a review of existing literature and targeted interviews with managers and beneficiaries/participants of these alignment modalities.
The case studies focus on:
  • Key features of the case at hand (mission, governance, approximate time and resources needed for set up and implementation)
  • Principal actions and outputs to date
  • Overall strengths
  • Overall limitations
  • Suitability and key factors of success 

Case study no. 1 - European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) (download pdf)

This case study examines the key features, outputs and overall strengths and limitations of the ‘European Energy Research Alliance’ (EERA) as a mean to support institutional alignment. The objective of EERA is to coordinate research activities in the field of energy. EERA brings together over 175 research organisations from 28 countries. EERA demonstrates how a network of research organisations can turn in a professional and ambitious network over time, launching activities and reaching alignment on all levels of the research programming cycle (research strategy, research funding, research implementation, mobility of researchers, dissemination). The EERA case provides lessons how to develop and support institutional alignment to coordinators of P2Ps, scientific directors of research performing organisations, coordinators of national research programmes at RTDI ministries and research funding organisations and policy makers at European Commission.

Case study no. 2 - ERA-PLANET - ERA-NET Cofund 'The European network for observing our changing planet' (download pdf)

This case study examines the ERA-NET Cofund action named 'The European network for observing our changing planet' (short: ERA-PLANET). The main activity within ERA-NET Cofund actions is the implementation of a co-funded joint call for proposals that leads to the funding of trans-national research and/or innovation projects. The unique character of ERA-Planet is that national programmes and funding stems from institutional in-kind of 36 research performing organisations. Together, they organise one joint call with a call budget of 61 Mill EUR. ERA-Planet demonstrates that an in-kind ERA-NET Cofund can be applied for by research performing organisations. However, ERA-Planet has only started to become operational in 01/2016. A real assessment of strengths and weaknesses can only be done later. Even though ERA-Planet could serve as a showcase for research alliances that want to trigger joint research implementation (with or without Cofunds). The ERA-PLANET case provides lessons to coordinators of P2Ps, scientific directors of research performing organisations, coordinators of national research programmes at RTDI ministries and policy makers at European Commission.

Case study no. 3 - ERA4CS - ERA-NET Cofund EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA FOR CLIMATE SERVICES (download pdf)

This case study examines the ERA-NET Cofund action named ‘ERA-NET Cofund European Research Area for Climate Services’ (short: ERA4CS). The main activity within ERA-NET Cofund actions is the implementation of a co-funded joint call for proposals that leads to the funding of trans-national research and/or innovation projects. ERA4CS supports the Joint Programming Initiative Connecting Climate Change Knowledge for Europe (JPI Climate) in the implementation of a transnational joint call. The novelty in ERA4CS is that ‘national programmes and funding’ stems from two different sources: Research Funding Organisations and Research Performing Organisations. Together, they organise one joint call with one topic for each source and a call budget of 72 Mill EUR. ERA4CS has only officially started in January 2016. Described strengths and limitations are based on activities in the proposal phase and expected outcomes. The ERA4CS case provides lessons to coordinators of P2Ps, scientific directors of research performing organisations, coordinators of national research programmes at RTDI ministries and funding agencies and policy makers at European Commission.

Case study no. 4 - Process towards a Common Position on Alignment in Austria (download pdf)

This case study examines the process towards finding a common position on alignment in Austria among the mayor R&D Stakeholders. The Austrian Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, together with the Austrian Ministry for Science, Research and Economy set up a collaborative process bringing together the relevant Austrian research stakeholders to work towards a common national agreement on transnational alignment in research strategy, planning and funding. In the course of this process, awareness for the alignment topic is raised and commitment for future alignment activities among national RTI stakeholders is built.

Case study no. 5 - Alignment of national AAL Programmes – Practical Implementation from the Austrian Perspective (download pdf)

The focus of this case study is on the practical implementation of alignment of national AAL programmes from an Austrian perspective. AAL can by understood as a synonym for ICT-supported technologies for older adults to increase their quality of life. Since 2008, there exists a transnational Article 185 Initiative dedicated to AAL. In order to participate in Article 185 Initiatives a dedicated national programme is mandatory. Austria is founding member of the transnational AAL Programme. As a necessary pre-condition Austria has established a national programme BENEFIT dedicated to AAL in 2007. The case study reveals how Austria aligns its national and transnational activities in AAL related programmes. Two aspects turned out: (1) ‘taking joint actions’ aspect: Within the transnational AAL Programme, Austria aligns its activities at strategic, operational and financial level with other countries in Europe and (2) ‘building complementarities and synergies’ aspect: Within the national programme BENEFIT, Austria aligns its activities by building complementarities to the transnational AAL Programme and looks for synergies.

Case study no. 6 - New York University Center for Urban Science and Progress (download pdf)

This case study examines the key features, outputs and overall strengths and limitations of the New York University Center for Urban Science and Progress, a unique public-private research center, with respect to the coordination of policy challenges posed by modern cities and the research and education activities of a graduate school. CUSP utilizes its big data capabilities to integrate, analyze, and model a variety of data from across city agencies, and develops innovative data tools and infrastructure in order to devise practical, impactful findings and solutions to real-world urban challenges. It demonstrates the effectiveness of a research infrastructure built by joint efforts of academia, city authorities, and industry. Universities and faculty can contribute to practical solutions to urban policy challenges by establishing mutual interest and a common language with city agencies, conducting interdisciplinary research, and applying a transdisciplinary approach and innovative data analysis and modeling tools.

Case study no. 7 - Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership Joint Undertaking (download pdf)

This case study examines the key features, outputs, and overall strengths and limitations of the Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership Joint Undertaking (ECSEL) and could serve as an inspiration for European P2Ps in the areas of thematic alignment and leveraging European / national / private investment. ECSEL’s unique tripartite funding model financed by the Union, member states, and the private sector makes it an interesting case for European P2Ps planning to establish structures to support collaborative research and innovation. This case study analyses the details of the funding model as well as examines the implementation and experience with tripartite funding in practice. ECSEL’s success in attracting private investment and the challenges it faces regarding different national funding rates and procedures, no multi-annual budgetary commitments from member states, and need for more harmonization and alignment could serve as useful lessons learned for European P2Ps (and PPPs).

 

Last update: Aug. 2017